What is orthodontics?Orthodontics, also called braces treatment, is a treatment method applied to eliminate perplexed teeth and incompatibilities in teeth, jaws and face.
Orthodontic treatment is applied by physicians who have received orthodontics specialization training after graduating from the faculty of dentistry.
The treatment process takes 1-2 years on average. This treatment does not cause any damage to the teeth, but patients with poor oral hygiene and poor cooperation can cause dental and gum problems. Some minor discomfort may occur at the beginning of the treatment, but these problems disappear over time. Reinforcement treatment (transparent plates or retainer) is applied to maintain permanence after orthodontic treatment. Small tooth movements may still occur after conservative treatment, but these movements are not large enough to require re-treatment.
Why is orthodontic treatment important?Since it is more difficult to maintain oral hygiene in perplexed teeth, gum diseases and decays occur, and joint and digestive problems can also occur as a result of chewing disorders caused by perplexed teeth.
Orthodontic treatment eliminates the aesthetic problems of the patients and provides a perfect smile.
How do orthodontic problems occur?Genetic factors
Finger sucking habit
- Using false pacifiers and bottles for a long time
Bad habits (clenching teeth, lip biting, nail biting, etc.)
Premature loss of milk teeth
- 20-year-old teeth compress other teeth
What are orthodontic treatment methods?Fixed orthodontic appliances (metal or porcelain brackets are applied)
- Movable orthodontic appliances (applied in simple dental problems)
Transparent plates (applied in simple crowding)
- Jaw orthopedics (applied in jaw incompatibilities)
Orthognathic surgery (applied in adults with jaw incompatibilities)
At what ages can it be applied?Orthodontic treatment can be applied at any age.
What are safe foods during orthodontic treatment?- Sticky foods (caramel, Turkish delight, chewing gum, candies, etc.)
- Hard foods (fried bread, bagel, pizza, nuts, chips, corn etc.)
- acidic drinks and acidic fruits
- You need to be careful that hard fruits are sliced and eaten by removing the seeds of the stone fruits and that your bites are small.