Oral, Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery is one of the specialities of dentistry. It is involved in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of diseases, injuries and deformities that may occur in the mouth, teeth and jaw area. It diagnoses and surgically treats diseases in the oral cavity, teeth and jaws with radiological evaluation (x-ray), clinical examination and biopsy when necessary.
- Normal and complicated tooth extractions
- Treatment of tooth abscesses
- Wisdom teeth extractions
- Impacted tooth operations
- Normal and surgical extraction of plus teeth
- Implant applications
- Apical resection of tooth roots
- Treatment of jaw fractures
- Diagnosis and treatment of jaw joint diseases
- Diagnosis and treatment of jaw cysts
- Diagnosis and treatment of jaw tumours
- Diagnosis and treatment of precancerous lesions in the mouth
- Treatment of oral diseases and mouth sores
- Surgical procedures performed in preparation for prosthesis
- Orthognathic surgery
- Treatment of sinus diseases caused by teeth
Since tooth extraction is performed under local anaesthesia, no pain is felt. Pressure may be felt and this is the minimum sensation felt for tooth extraction.
Swelling and bruising may occur in some cases as a result of surgical procedures. This is not unavoidable or unexpected. Antibiotics can be prescribed for such cases after some surgical procedures.
Bleeding may occur after the procedure, provided that it is not a mouthful. This bleeding should be swallowed instead of spitting it out, because each time it is spat out, bleeding may increase further and the coagulation of the surgical procedure area that has started to heal may be impaired.
After surgical procedures, it is necessary to stay away from granular and very hard, very cold and very hot foods for a while. In terms of healing of the extraction or implant site, attention should be paid to the foods eaten and drunk for a while.
Smoking and alcohol consumption is not desirable for at least 1 week after surgical procedures. Smoking slows healing and causes the surgical procedure area to heal late.